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Combining with the development practices in recent years, I have discussed several points of view regarding the situation and tasks facing the current implementation of the â€œgoing outâ€ strategy for China's textile industry.
I. The motivation of China's textile industry to "go global" is growing
Since the 21st century, China's textile industry has made great progress. From 2000 to 2012, the total volume of fiber processing increased from 25% to 55%, and the share of exports increased from 15% to 36%. Chinaâ€™s status as a world textile giant has been consolidated and improved. At the same time, with the gradual advancement of the task of building a textile power, accelerating the implementation of the â€œgoing outâ€ strategy and strengthening the global allocation of resources and industrial distribution, it has become important for the textile industryâ€™s scientific and technological innovation, brand building, sustainable development and enhancement of the quality of talents. way. In recent years, the internal and external developments facing the textile industry have been constantly changing. The practice of â€œgoing outâ€ has been increasing and the driving force for â€œgoing outâ€ has continued to increase.
First, the improvement of Chinaâ€™s overall national strength and the improvement of the institutional framework lay the foundation for the textile industry to establish a global vision. Over the past 30 years of reform and opening up, Chinaâ€™s economic strength has been significantly enhanced. By 2012, Chinaâ€™s economic output has ranked second in the world. Gross domestic product (GDP) and import and export trade accounts for about 11% of the worldâ€™s total. 30%. Adequate economic strength and reserves, as well as long-term experience and resources accumulated by enterprises in foreign economic trade and cooperation, provide a solid foundation and conditions for the globalization of the textile industry.
Since the countryâ€™s â€œgoing outâ€ national strategy was established at the beginning of this century, government departments such as finance, finance, commerce, and industry have gradually established an increasingly perfect institutional framework for the promotion of foreign direct investment, and relevant management measures have been continuously optimized to â€œgo globalâ€ for enterprises. "Created a good policy environment. The national "Twelfth Five-Year" development plan and the party's "***" report further emphasized the need to accelerate the pace of "going global", encourage enterprises to invest overseas and enhance their international operations. In the future, as China's foreign investment approval system is continuously optimized, internationalization and capital project opening will be promoted in an orderly manner, and the policy environment for foreign investment will be further improved.
Second, China's textile industry has accelerated its transformation and upgrading to provide the fundamental driving force for the global layout of the industry. Since the international financial crisis, China's textile industry has gradually entered a stage of deep adjustment and transformation, and the pressure for transformation and upgrading has continuously increased and the process has accelerated significantly. In the context of constraints on resources and the environment and increasing competition in the market, we must adapt to changes in the domestic and international economic situation, accelerate the formation of new modes of economic growth, shift the foothold of development to improving quality and efficiency, and must have a global perspective and increase The global resources are optimized for allocation to accelerate the transformation of textiles from manufacturing to power.
The transformation and upgrading of the textile industry needs to make full use of international high-end talent, technology, channels, and other resources, strengthen technological innovation, accelerate brand development, independently grasp the high end of the industrial chain and value chain, enhance international competitiveness and international division of labor status, and at the same time, break domestic resources. Environmental bottlenecks, achieving sustainable industrial development, making full use of overseas raw materials, labor, land, and other resources, open up broader space for China's textile industry support and industrial capital development. â€œGoing globalâ€ to seek better allocation of resources and establish a more efficient multinational supply chain is an inevitable development trend of the textile industry in the current context of transformation and upgrading.
Third, the adjustment of the global textile industry layout has contributed to the â€œgoing outâ€ of Chinese textile companies. In recent years, the comparative advantages of textile production factors in various countries have undergone major changes. With the sustained economic and social development, there is a structural shortage of labor supply in our country, land, water, electricity and other resources, energy supply is becoming increasingly tight, the price of production factors has risen in an all-round way; at the same time, energy conservation, environmental protection, appreciation, and cotton management systems, etc. With the superposition of policy influences, the manufacturing costs of textile companies have increased significantly. At the same time, developing countries such as Southeast Asia and other developing countries have achieved rapid development in industries such as garment processing and cotton textiles relying on low labor costs and free trade conditions of raw materials. At present, the cost of labor in the textile industry in China is 1 to 3 times higher than in Southeast Asian countries, and the cost of cotton used is more than 30%. In addition, Southeast Asian countries enjoy tariff preferences in developed countries, even if they fully utilize China's industrial system and production efficiency, middle and low-end products Its international competitiveness has also dropped significantly.
At present, shifting the layout of the international textile industry to developing countries with more cost-comparative advantages is an objective development trend. Although it intensifies competition in the international market, it also provides opportunities for Chinaâ€™s textile industry to accelerate the establishment of new international competitive advantages. power. Actively "going out", making full use of the advantages of the domestic industry base, participating in and leading the adjustment of the global industrial layout, China's textile industry has the conditions to occupy a more favorable competitive position in the new international layout.
Second, China's textile enterprises have made positive progress in the "going out" practice.
In recent years, examples of â€œgoing outâ€ of China's textile enterprises have been on the increase. In the practice of foreign investment, many successful experiences have also been accumulated, summarizing the following aspects:
The first is the industry covered by investment, with a wide range of areas and forms. At present, the foreign investment in textile industry covers cotton spinning, knitting, wool spinning, chemical fiber, clothing, home textile, textile machinery and other industries. The investment locations include Southeast Asia developing countries such as Vietnam, Cambodia, Bangladesh, and developed countries such as USA, UK, Germany, Australia, Canada, and Japan. The investment includes processing bases, raw material bases, market channels, high-end brands and technologies, etc. Obviously has the characteristics of multi-field, multi-regional, multi-form advancement.
The second is that the overseas layout is complementary to the domestic industry. At present, the production capacity of Chinese textile enterprises for foreign investment is mainly cotton spinning and garment processing, which mainly utilizes the advantages of cotton prices and labor costs in Southeast Asia, effectively cushions domestic manufacturing cost pressures, and consolidates international market share. In Australia, Canada and other places to invest in raw materials such as cotton, dissolving pulp, to solve the shortage of domestic textile raw material resources. In the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan and other developed countries to invest in mature brands, distribution channels, R & D centers and the acquisition of high-end manufacturing companies, to provide more effective high-end resources for domestic companies to strengthen innovation and development. The overseas investment of enterprises is complementary to domestic industrial resources, and they are rationally allocated to improve development efficiency and market competitiveness.
The third is to take a long-term perspective and do a good job of preparatory work. Full preparation of early-stage technical preparations and effective prevention of investment risks are common experiences of â€œgoing globalâ€ enterprises. A detailed understanding of relevant domestic and foreign legal systems, on-site investigation of the investment environment of the investing countries, full use of professional intermediary experience, comprehensive assessment of the feasibility of investment projects, and advancement of talents for language, technology, management, etc. required for overseas development. It is a necessary preparation.
At the same time, based on being conducive to the long-term sustainable development of the company, strictly abide by local laws, fully perform its social responsibilities, establish a localized management mechanism and management team, and actively integrate better with the local economy, social system, and cultural traditions. The establishment of a long-term cooperative relationship of mutual trust and mutual benefit is also an important experience in the practice of "going out" successful companies.
While accumulating many successful experiences, companies have also reflected many practical issues that they face in the â€œgoing outâ€ process. In terms of the external environment, there are many obstacles, such as systems, cultures, and customs between different countries, which require a lot of effort to solve them. In developing countries, there are widespread problems such as backward infrastructure, imperfect legal systems, and low technical quality of workers. The investment environment is still not there. Very ideal. From the perspective of the enterprise itself, there is a lack of experience in multinational operations management, inadequate personnel reserves, and insufficient application of investment techniques. To achieve a solid and effective promotion of the global layout of China's textile industry and improve the efficiency of enterprises going out, it is necessary for the government, industry, and enterprises to conduct in-depth research in practice to form a more complete solution.
Third, further implementation of the "going out" strategy is an important task for the construction of a strong textile country
At present, China's textile industry is in an important period of accelerating the implementation of the task of building a strong nation. Global perspectives and the full integration of international and domestic resources are important support for the successful completion of the construction of a powerful nation. The global layout and efficient development of a multinational industrial system is also textile. Strong country's important performance. The foreign investment of the textile industry has the unique advantages of less barriers to entry and high degrees of freedom. The overseas development of Chinese enterprises is still adequate. Under the current circumstances, further implementation of the "going out" strategy, making good preparations at home and abroad, and actively and steadily pushing forward the global industrial layout are still important development tasks facing the textile industry.
In the coming period, the textile industry will focus on four aspects in implementing the â€œgoing outâ€ strategy:
The first is to strengthen the overall layout and clarify the direction of â€œgoing outâ€. China's textile industry has a stable and favorable domestic environment, an ever-evolving technological foundation, a huge market potential for domestic demand, a complete industrial chain advantage, and a mechanism for survival of the fittest formed in full market competition, and a group of outstanding companies and entrepreneurs that have already formed. From the perspective, there is still a lot of room for development and improvement. At this stage, the foreign investment of textile enterprises should still be based on enriching and supplementing the resources for domestic industrial development, and aiming at the overall layout and coordinated development of domestic industries. External investment of textile enterprises should focus on links with domestic industries that have resources complementarity and industrial chain coordination, such as textile fiber raw material production and primary processing, labor-intensive processing, and the use of international high-end resources for R&D, design, marketing, and branding. Operation and other links. In this regard, the industry will further strengthen relevant research and guidance, and refine the direction and focus of foreign investment in the textile industry. Enterprises should focus on overall development to formulate reasonable foreign investment strategies, achieve internal and external coordination and efficient layout, and effectively improve cross-country resource allocation capabilities. At the same time, avoid hollowing out domestic industries.
The second is to improve the service system and strengthen the "going out" guarantee. Enterprises to make decisions on foreign investment and carry out investment activities, need a lot of information and professional services, and accelerate the establishment and improvement of relevant industry-based public service system, is to promote the textile enterprises to accelerate the "going out" an important guarantee. The industry will gradually establish a professional and systematic public investment service system based on the actual experience of the company. China Textile Industry Federation will set up an integrated service platform. At the same time, it will employ some expert teams to provide a full range of information, consulting, training and other services, and actively promote the company's foreign investment and cooperation projects to help companies effectively prevent investment risks and promote the industry's external Investment activities are smoother and more efficient. At the same time, in order to make full use of various trade exhibition platforms, while the United States and Europe have hosted the China Textile and Apparel Trade Fair for many years, this year's CCPIT will organize a professional exhibition in Brazil to create more intuitive and in-depth understanding for enterprises. Opportunities for overseas investment environment.
The third is in-depth coordination and communication to enhance the "going out" motivation. In view of the various problems encountered by the current textile enterprises in the â€œgoing outâ€ process, industry associations will conduct in-depth investigations and studies, actively strengthen communication and coordination with relevant government departments, objectively reflect the actual situation of the industry and corporate demands, and make policy recommendations. Actively assist the relevant government departments to further improve the foreign investment approval process, ** management measures and **, insurance, taxation and other aspects of facilitation measures and incentives, create a better policy environment, and enhance the textile companies "going out" motivation. To explore the feasibility and measures for investing in overseas parks as a whole, reduce investment risks, and maximize the protection of China's textile industry's industrial capital security.
Fourth, fully mobilize the enthusiasm of enterprises and optimize the effectiveness of â€œgoing outâ€. Enterprises are the main body of â€œgoing outâ€. They must give full play to their own enthusiasm, reasonably speed up the â€œgoing outâ€ process, and continuously improve the quality and effectiveness of â€œgoing outâ€. The industry association will summarize the advanced experience of â€œgoing outâ€ of backbone enterprises, carry out industry-specific demonstration and promotion, guide qualified enterprises with favorable conditions to establish a vision of international development, and provide experience for reference. In combination with its own development plans and capital conditions, the company actively researches practical and feasible overseas investment development strategies, and fully prepares the relevant talents, technologies, and other resource reserves and preparations for the early stage, and steadily carries out investment activities. Enterprises that have already invested overseas will combine overseas and domestic industrial development trends to upgrade and adjust overseas investments in a timely manner to enhance the sustainability of development.
Dear guests and friends, practical experience shows that the "going out" of textile enterprises is a very complicated and arduous process. It is necessary to fully sum up experience and systematically study countermeasures. Todayâ€™s meeting aims to build a platform for everyone to exchange ideas on â€œgoing globalâ€. The meeting also invited a number of senior experts and outstanding textile entrepreneurs who have experience in â€œgoing outâ€ to discuss and share relevant Knowledge, experience, experience. I hope all of you will fully exchange ideas during the meeting and achieve beneficial results. After the meeting, we will have more communication and cooperation with each other. We will do more to accelerate the global layout of the textile industry and accomplish the task of building a strong textile country.
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